110 years of discovery of Machu Picchu

Written by Wayki Trek, 24/07/2021 8:14 pm

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Today, July 24, we proudly celebrate the 110th anniversary that Machu Picchu was revealed to the world by Hiram Bingham.

He could not imagine the cultural and historical magnitude that he witnessed.

The construction of Machu Picchu

For the construction of Machu Picchu, the Inca architects of Tawantinsuyu took advantage of tectonic faults.

They served as drainage, according to a study published in Science Daily.

Its architecture is in the Imperial Inca style, with enormous walls of polished stone that the workers inexplicably achieved.

Machu Picchu one of the New Seven Wonders of the Modern World

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The citadel, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO as one of the New Seven Wonders of the Modern World, was never lost, the local population knew of its existence.

However, after the arrival of the American adventurer and explorer Hiram Bingham.

He was the one who was in charge of showing and exposing Machu Picchu, whose prize for the explorer was to win recognitions, fame and fortune but he was not the first one in discovered.

In 1909, the American adventurer was returning from a scientific congress held in Santiago de Chile. He later traveled to Peru to investigate the route that Simón Bolivar took.

Where he received an invitation to explore Choquequirao, an ancient Inca settlement located in the mountains of Cusco, and this motivated his interest in the archaeological remains of the Incas.

The expedition of Bingham in Cusco

Bingham was not an archaeologist, but even so he organized an expedition in 1911 to enter the thick jungle of the Cusco region with the intention of finding “Vitcos”, the last lost city of the Incas.

He consulted Carlos Romero, a Peruvian historian who was living in Lima at that time, for some knowledge, and thus began his expedition.

As he passed through the Urubamba river, he collected much and varied information from the local populations. After examining various Inca archaeological sites and concluding that he had not yet found Vitcos, he set up camp for him in the Mandor Pampa area.

Melchor Arteaga

There he met with the farmer Melchor Arteaga whom he consulted if he had knowledge or information of any archaeological remains of the Incas in the area.

The farmer answered affirmatively and led the explorer to the other side of the river from where they climbed towards the Huayna Picchu mountain.

The first tour guide in Machu Picchu

Upon reaching the foothills of this mountain, they met a family that lived there.

A peasant couple farming on the agricultural terraces of Machu Picchu itself, who had cleared a good part of the area four years before Bingham arrived at the site.

The first walk that the explorer made through the archaeological remains of Machu Picchu was guided by a boy whose name was Pablo Riccharte.

Obviously, the boy knew the site very well and was the first tour guide to guide Binghan.

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Don't be told, live it! Wayki Trek is a Tour Company in Cusco, Peru specializing in Inca Trails to Machu Picchu, Alternative Treks to Machu Picchu and tours around Cusco region, with environmental and social responsibility always as a priority

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