Polarization in the country

17/03/2023 5:17 pm

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On December´s 2022 1st week of the month, the Peruvian protests seemed to be a left-wing only movement, where a great number of our society couldn’t comprehend the uprisings, on which the restitution of the former president, Pedro Castillo, was requested alongside the resignation of the now president, Dina Boluarte, because they considered the takeover as illegitimate, since she was the vice-president when he was elected president. This led to a posture from a different wing of society which asked to respect the constitution, the principle of authority and order in the country.

Between the second and the third week of that month, the citizens were divided since both postures became a reason for confrontations between these groups.

The left-wing group asked for the restitution of the former president and the resignation of the actual president, for congress to be closed, and a new constitution, while the right-wing group exhorted the people to look for peace and tranquility, this, through the “marches for peace”, most people considered the pleads the left-wing group formulated were anti-constitutional, and that they only generated chaos.

In midst of these protests, people appeared who promoted the violence, vandalism and destruction (Delinquents, outlaws, some left-wing leaders, political parties in anonymity), as well as the invasion of airports, road blockades, damage to private and public property.

To face these events, the government decided to send the Armed Forces with the goal of reinstating order. 

Unfortunately, the use of guns was inadequate and disproportionate for repelling the protests, causing human losses in the Apurimac and Ayacucho regions. As a consequence of the losses, people began to reject the government, and the number of demonstrators began to arise.

The left-wing began to promote massive demonstrations, calling upon different social organizations and some radical leaders started to manipulate its sindicato members with threats, mainly in rural communities and social organizations, these marches generated some confrontations between locals.

While the citizens were clashing, the government dedicated itself to minimize and discredit the protests while ignoring the pleas, deciding to strengthen the Armed Forces as a power of coercion, this attitude created frustration between the protesters.

Near Christmas Eve, the demonstrations halted, being postponed to January 4th in 2023 according to the announcement made by the radical leftwing social leaders.

In this period, the country found itself in peace, and most of the activities were resumed, the Inca Trail and Machu Picchu resumed their activities accordingly.

A great part of the population thought that the demonstrations were over and that this would be a new beginning that could lead to strengthening the productive activities in the country, especially in the tourist sector, due to the complications that tourists had to go through when in the country.

January 4th came and the demonstrations resumed, but now with fewer participants and it was believed that these would have little to no effect. As days went by, the volume of protestors increased, and road blockages, airport invasions and destruction of properties began once again.


To be continued…


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